Along with a variety of raw materials, the enormous amount of clay contained in these deposits constitutes the most important component for our research and development efforts.


The deposits involve special repelian clay that is of marine origin and stratigraphically associated with the Oligocene. These tertiary clays were embedded as massive plates in Pleistocene sediments through glaciodynamic processes. This clay possesses properties that classify it as one of the most valuable materials in its category. The presence of muscovite-montmorillonite-mixed-layer-minerals provide this clay with bentonite-like properties. The mineralogical, geochemical and rheological characteristics are subject to depth-dependent variance.


The composition of the materials was determined as shown in the following:

Loss on ignition: 9.3% – 9.4%.
Water permeability coefficient: kf < 10 (-11) m/s.
The cation exchange capacity is 50 mval/100g.


  • Mineral sealing and geological barriers for landfills
  • Horizontal and vertical encapsulation of legacy waste
  • Encapsulation of contaminated environmental pollutants
  • Bank reinforcement and mineral sealing for hydraulic engineering
  • Restoration of eutrophic lakes and other standing bodies of water
  • Sealing of contaminated sites, immobilization of pollutants in contaminated substrates
  • Fixation of pollutants and toxins
  • Water treatment
  • Adsorption of pollutants, toxins and heavy metals in industrial waste water systems
  • Conditioning of slurry
  • Storage of highly contaminated substrates
  • Mineral oil binder with high absorptive qualities for mineral oils


  • Construction waterproofing, earthworks, embanking, moisture barriers for older structures
  • Masonry restoration
  • Sealant for railway superstructures
  • Mineral sealants for retaining wall construction
  • Concrete additive, brick industry, clinker and roof tile industry
  • Geo-construction materials geopolymer bonding systems


  • Caps for drill holes
  • Rinse additive for drilling work
  • Injection grout for gallery sealing


  • Bond for refractory materials
  • Additive for enhancing ceramic properties
  • Plasticizer
  • Frost-resistant floor ceramics
  • Ceramic engobes for roof tiles


  • Molding sand binder


  • Burial and relocation of large volume gas and oil pipelines
  • Mineral bonding material for roadways, sports facilities, nature walkways
  • Sealant for gardening use
  • Sealant for golf courses


  • Restorative clay, mud packs, masks
  • Applications in the fields of natural cosmetics and wellness
  • Clay minerals for detoxification and colon therapy


  • Feed additive designated E588
  • Compound feed and dietary supplement for calves
  • Remediation of old bio-gas plants